100 Years Old: Cadick Apartments

In some ways, a century ago was not that different than today. With downtown flourishing and residents looking for affordable housing, the Cadick Apartments were part of a building boom that generated several rental units.

Architect sketch of the Cadick Apartments , a new “Florentine” style building

The New Cadick was the brainchild of A. C. Hassensall with the help of famed local architect W. E. Russ.  Built in the Beaux Arts style, it was a 3-story brick structure with a tiled roof.  Stone on the first floor has “Cadick Apartments” carved in it, and the building also has some intricate brickwork.

Cadick Apartments under construction January 1917

The new apartments were built from 1916-1917, and contained 14 units.  Some of the more notable features included Murphy beds and mahogany wood trim in each apartment.  The first floor featured leasing offices and space for a doctors offices.  The Cadick also had a full basement that included a dining hall and laundry room.

1st St from Locust during the 1937 Flood. McCurdy at right and Cadick beyond the old Elks Home at left.
Apartments today 100 years young (photo from Vanderburgh County Assessor)

Barwe Butcher Shop

Barwe construction 1904

Frank X. Barwe ran a successful butcher shop in the new town of Howell around the turn of the century. In December 1904 he built a large brick building for his business. The store was located at 211 Broadway Ave on the alley between Delmar Ave and Ewing Ave. A smokehouse and a sausage factory used to stand next door but those are long gone. There were also stables in the rear of the property, but they were destroyed in a fire. An article in the April 17, 1913 newspaper says that there was $500 in damage and Hose House No. 7 (before it relocated to Howell) responded.

Barwe Butcher Shop 1910 Sanborn

 

1926 Ad Barwe

Barwe continued to sell “home killed beef” into the 1930s .  As with many other buildings, the store was renumbered 3118 Broadway Ave when Evansville adopted a new numbering system. He also built a new bungalow in 1930 next door at 3122 Broadway Ave for his personal residence.

Barwe Butcher Shop, with Barwe’s 1930 bungalow next door at right

Barwe retired, passing away in 1937, but his store was used over the years. Frank DeShield’s ran a grocery there in the late 1930s and the Broadway Market operated in the building in the 1940s and 1950s.  Beginning in the mid-1950s, several business tried their luck in the old building including Embry’s Furniture Store, Mary’s Coffee Shop, ABC Motorcycle Sales (later West Side Cycle), and an auto parts supply store, but like many old building the structure has outlasted all its owners.  For some time it has been the home of United Schenk Accounting

 

Century Club – Fendrich house

Fendrich house at 827 SE 1st St
Fendrich house at 827 SE 1st St

When John H. Fendrich, the proprietor of the Fendrich Cigar, planned to build a new downtown home, he commissioned famed Chicago architect, W. L. Klewer to design the new residence. It was designed in the Prairie Style among the mansions on First St.

Frendrich home under construction
Frendrich home under construction

The home was completed in 1917.  It was built with red brick and limestone and covered in a green tile roof.  The round-arch door draws focus from across College St. Two lions guard the front porch and a covered porch with an exterior fireplace is at the left.  A large 3-car garage is set back from the house, in a matching style.  It also includes a 1/2 story for the chauffeur.

Even after Mr. Fendrich died in 1953, the home has remained a single-family residence.  The historic home was opened up for the 2013 Riverside Neighborhood Tour. The following pictures were taken during that tour.

Kitchen from 2013 Riverside Tour
Kitchen from 2013 Riverside Tour
Fireplace from 2013 Riverside Tour
Fireplace from 2013 Riverside Tour
Front door from 2013 Riverside Tour
Front door from 2013 Riverside Tour
Outdoor porch from 2013 Riverside Tour
Outdoor porch from 2013 Riverside Tour

Schnute, Holtmann Co

The Schnute-Holtmann Co were manufacturers of fine interior woodwork.  William H Schnute established a planning mill on Fourth Ave near Franklin St in the 1890s.  The mill produced building materials such as sashes, lath, stairs–all the quality parts that went into what would now be classified as a well-built older home.

1906 advertisement for Schnute, Holtmann Co
1906 advertisement for Schnute, Holtmann Co

Schnute’s growing enterprise relocated in 1903 and built a new mill occupying the block of Illinois, Heidelbach, Indiana and Lafayette.  The proximity to the Southern Railway enticed the move, and a spur was built connecting the company to the railroad tracks along Division St. The company expanded into building whole houses, but may better remembered for the woodwork done on some well-known buildings around Evansville such as the Germania Maennerchor building, Audubon Apartments and the Boehne residence.

In 1919 the company reorganized as Universal Manufacturing Corp, but that was short lived as the plant closed by the early 1920s.

Universal Manufacturing ad 1919
Universal Manufacturing ad 1919

Around 1925, the Evansville Warehouse Company took over the old factory and used it for storage. It also rented out part of the block to the Creasey Co.  Several of the buildings nearby served a similar purpose for storage and distribution, and the area gained a reputation as a big warehouse district.

Heidelbach Ave c1950. At right is the Evansville Warehouse Co. St Paul Lutheran is in the distant left
Heidelbach Ave c1950. At right is the Creasey Co. St Paul Lutheran is in the distant left (Photo courtesy of Donna Cartwright)

On October 29, 1953 an $800,000 fire took out the majority of the block. It was purported to be started by burglars and was the largest fire since the 1951 Main St Fire. The factory was rebuilt, though not as substantial as the original brick structure. Now a parking lot occupies the former warehouse block, which Vectren likely cleared sometime around 1990.

Remnants of the Evansville Warehouse fire Oct 29, 1953
Remnants of the Evansville Warehouse fire Oct 29, 1953

Century Club: Howell General Baptist

Howell General Baptist is one of the oldest congregations in the Evansville area.  It was founded in 1823 as Liberty General Baptist by Benoni Stinson, who established the General Baptist branch with this being the mother church.

In 1891–when Howell was still a separate town–the Liberty General Baptist congregation built a church at the northeast corner of Rose and Signal Streets, what is now Delmar Ave and Emerson St.  (The streets of Howell would eventually be renamed from their railroad specific names around the turn of the century).  It was situated across from the original Howell Public School that later became known as Daniel Wertz.

Original church building
Original church building

In 1916 the church solicited the help of famed architect Clifford Shopbell to build a new church building.  The brick Neoclassical structure was erected on the same site as the old structure.

Architect sketch
Architect sketch Clifford Shopbell & Co
Shortly after completion
The new church shortly after completion

A sizable addition was built in 1955 just left (north) of the church.  This too would eventually be enlarged to include a second story.  The church would eventually buy the old Daniel Wertz school, which moved out to South Red Bank Rd in 1986.  The vacated school was purchased the following year and for a while was used for storage until it was razed around 1990.

Church today
Howell G. B. Church today
Stone
Stonework above the main entrance

 

Howell General Baptist website – https://howellgeneralbaptist.com/history

Schulte House: the 1st Wabash Ave mansion

Charles Schulte was a partner in the Schulte & Reitman sawmill on Ohio St.  Its success made Schulte, who was a native of Prussia, a rich man.  He built his large residence in 1878 in the Italianate style along Wabash Ave between Indiana and Illinois St.  It boasted a fancy veranda, ornamental window heads, and a three-story tower and juxtaposed with the modest working-class homes nearby.

1880 Schulte
The new Schulte residence from the Evansville 1880 Map

Schulte was instrumental in establishing St Boniface parish, along with several other prominent West Siders.  It also interesting to note his partner, Henry Reitman, built his large home just across the street. Many may recall this house just off the Lloyd Expressway that was razed just a few years ago.

c1889
The mansion as it looked around 1889, before the wrap around porch.

Mr. Schulte passed away around the turn of the century and his wife around 1910, so the house became available.  The West Side merchant, William Scherffius, who ran his department store nearby on Franklin St purchased the house.  Immediately he set to remodeling the mansion including the addition of a massive front porch.  At 1400 sq ft, it was the largest in the city.  It was decorated in stone and wrapped most of the house.

new porch 1400 sq ft
Article about new porch encompassing 1,400 sq ft – Evansville Courier 9/22/1912
Wabash Ave, 110 N (1920 Nov)a
Talk about curb appeal.  The updated Scherffius house c1915

Scherffius too passed away sometime around the late 1920s.  The house was purported to be the home of the National Youth Administration, but found its new calling when the Veterans of Foreign War (VFW) purchased the home in 1942. The clubs growth facilitated an addition which was built in 1950 just left/south of the old house, which is still in use today. The organization grew to become the largest chapter of in the United States.

1961
1961 aerial of the club.  The West Branch Library is in the lower right and Reitman’s home (Schulte’s old partner) is in the upper left close to the Expressway

By the mid 1960s the house was deemed “too costly to repair” as plans were made to replace the magnificent home with a simple one-story structure. The old home was torn down in 1966, and the new building was completed later that year adjoining the 1950s addition.

new sketch mar 1966
Sketch of new VFW building March 1966.  The round top part (left) was the 1950 addition.

One final look then & now

doomed
Doomed.  Article about the Schulte/Scherffius home being sentenced
VFW Present day
VFW Present day similar to view above.  The 1950s addition is in the background left

Mailbag: Clearcrest Golf Club

Article about the opening of the Vanderbug Auto Club (Evansville Courier 4/14/1915)
Article about the opening of the Vanderbug Auto Club (Evansville Courier 4/14/1915)

The farmhouse at 10521 Darmstadt Road was part of the Charles Volkman farmstead.  Built in the late 1800s, it encompassed about 80 acres and was situated about 8 miles from downtown Evansville.  The newly formed Vanderbugh Auto club purchased the property in 1915 and remodeled the 2-story farmhouse .  Driver could cruise “through bracing country air” and stop at the auto club for a bite.  Other amenities such as a stocked lake, playground, and tennis courts attracted other people to the club.

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The farmhouse that became an auto club and later Clearcrest Club. Photo c1930

The Vanderburgh Auto Club was short-lived though, because by 1920 the facility operated as the Clear Crest Inn.  It was more of a roadhouse serving food and providing evening entertainment.

Ad for Clear Crest Inn 1920
Ad for Clear Crest Inn 1920

The Evansville Club, a Jewish social club located in what is now the No-Ruz Grotto, was looking for property in the country as a respite from their downtown site.  In 1921, they bought the old auto club, remodeled the clubhouse, and put in a golf course.  The club officially opened as the Clearcrest Country Club in summer 1922.

There was a giant fire June 22, 1939, and eight people barely made it out with their lives.  The buildings were a total loss, but the club rebuilt within a year.  A new clubhouse, designed by Edwin Berendes, is the same one still standing today.

1
What remained of Clearcrest after the June 1939 fire
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A map of Clearcrest showing the new clubhouse and the changes to the golf course

The golf course was sold to a private owner around 1990 and was opened to the public. It continued operating for a number of years until it finally closed late Winter 2014. It was sold at auction the next year and is currently slated to become a subdivision.

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The clubhouse 2015 when the property was up for auction

2015 Year In Review

It’s been a fairly good year after several losses in 2014.  We’ll optimistically say that preservation may be turning a corner as we head into the new year and downtown growth seems to be teeming.

WINS

Owen Block was a HUGE save for the Evansville community.  A grass-roots effort raised a substantial sum of money, and Architectural Renovators is well under way fixing up the old apartments.

Owen Block
Owen Block saved at the 11th hour

Greyhound Bus was rededicated after the panels were finished and the neon light was turned on for the first time in years.  Recently it was announced that a new occupant, Bru Burger, will operate out of the old station.  The Courthouse dome lights were fixed up too.  The new system can change colors and brings a fresh look to the historic building.

LOSSES

The once proud Turner Hall was razed this fall. The social club had declined over the years and a ministry ran out of the old brick building.

Knotty Pine, a North Main St cafe, was closed for years before being razed in March.  The building dating back to around 1894 was originally Ritter’s Confectionery.

KP
Knotty Pine being demolished Mar 2015

Miller Furniture building across from Bosse Field has been “demolished” for nearly a year now.  After razing was begun in late 2014 little has been done to the old factory.  Miller built this factory along the Belt RR back in 1904

Miller
Demotion on the Miller Furniture began late 2014 but is still yet to be torn down

West Heights Cave Park

West Heights Cave Park was one of the main attractions in the early 1900s.  Located just off Harmony Way, the man-made cave has an interesting story to tell.

Andrew Koch was just a farmer who lived on Babytown Road, but his vision of building a cave in the hillside was something special.  Koch began digging his cave in the late 1880s, chiseling into the sandstone hillside in the back of his property.  After several years of work, Koch’s Grove opened to the public.  Curious people could descend down a flight of stairs and see the “rooms” carved into the large cave.

West Heights Cave  Courier 10/31/1898
Article about the West Heights Cave from the Evansville Courier 10/31/1898

Spurred by the new street car line, the park rebranded itself in 1902 and became known as West Heights Cave Park.  The entire area once known as Babytown adopted the West Heights nickname. City residents would take a short ride to the area for an evening adventure.  It should be noted there were several pleasure parks in the area including West Heights Park, which was different.  Cave Park boasted vaudeville shows and a temperature-controlled cave for summer nights (in a pre-air conditioning era).

Ad from 1903
Ad from 1903
West Heights Cave Park
The West Heights Cave Park clubhouse built 1903

The park was a reputable establishment in the beginning but later got a reputation for being raucous.  The clubhouse burned down in 1919, and the park closed soon after (probably no coincidence around the same time as Prohibition).  The cave was filled in, and the area was converted into a subdivision known as “Cave’s Addition” in 1921.  The street name Cave Ave is the only trace of Koch’s grand vision or of the club that once provided such lively entertainment.

Map of Koch's property that  was subdivided
Map of Koch’s property that was subdivided in 1921.  The exact location of the cave is unknown, but several articles place it next to the Jewish cemetery likely near Koehler Ave.

Century Club: Christian Science Temple

First Church of Christ
First Church of Christ, Scientist

Tucked on Mulberry St between 2nd and 3rd Sts, the Christian Science Temple is 100 years old.  The Church of Christ, Scientist was founded in Boston in the late 1800s.  Not to be confused with Scientology, this denomination is most well-known for its publication Christian Science Monitor.  The church was established in Evansville in 1915, and built this edifice in the Neoclassical style.  It was designed by famous local architects Shopbell & Co and truly has that Greek temple look.  The church was built of stone with a green tile roof and reads “THE ETERNAL GOD IS THY REFUGE” under the pediment.

Architect's sketch of the new First Church of Christ, Scientist
Architect’s sketch of the new First Church of Christ, Scientist

 

Shortly after completion
Photo taken shortly after completion

Bethany Apostolic moved here from their old location in 1930.  The church has remained stewards of the building and still operate here 85 years later.

Bethany Apostolic today
Bethany Apostolic today
cornerstone
Cornerstone
Both sides of the cornerstone which is partially covered by the ramp

http://www.historicevansville.com/site.php?id=bethanyapostolic